A charming week on the wonderful sea of the Aeolian Islands



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is the westernmost island of the archipelago. The ancient name Ericusa is due to the rich vegetation of heather, of which the island is covered. The heather is part of the history and life of the islanders, who use it always to make roofs of huts, and, with the root, stove pipe. Alicudi is a cone round which culminates with the relief Wire Harp and has an area of 5.2 sq. km. The inhabitants called alicudari are about 140 and live in the only town of Alicudi port, fishing and small agriculture. Of volcanic origin, the island is made up largely from the extinct volcano Montagnola, born about 150,000 years ago, after effusive and explosive eruptions
Formerly called Phoenicusa (rich in ferns), with Alicudi is geologically the oldest of the islands. It has an area of 9.5 square kilometers and its highest point, the Pit of Ferns, is 773 meters. The inhabitants called filicudari are about 250, scattered in the three main towns: Filicudi port, Pecorino at sea and  Valle Chiesa (Valley Church). The island is slightly oval in shape and extends to the southeast in the promontory of Capo Graziano is a small peninsula connected to the main part of Filicudi by a strip of land. The island is composed of the products of six volcanic centers. The oldest had to be located in the sea near the coast of Fili di Sciacca (Sciacca wires).
Is the largest island of the Aeolian archipelago. It has an area of 37.6 square kilometers and is 24 nautical miles from the Sicilian coast. Its inhabitants, called  Liparoti or Liparesi, are about 9000 and live in the villages of the island: Canneto, Acquacalda, Quattropani and Pianoconte. With the exception of Salina, all the administrative responsibility of the other islands are depending from Lipari. As the Aeolian archipelago, Lipari has volcanic origins. The oldest part of the island is the west, where, between 160.000 and 134.000 years ago, we identified 12 volcanic layers, including the Timponi. At this stage of intense eruptions followed a long interval of volcanic activity. In the second period, about 100.000 years ago, it created the volcano of Mount St. Angel. The volcanoes of the third period (40.000 to 8.000 years ago) erupted pumice, forming a series of peaks, including Mount Guardia and Monte Giardina. After a long pause, eruptive activity resumed in the north east with the launch of huge amounts of pumice which formed Monte Peeled, and the issuance of the obsidian of Rocche Rosse (VII) c. d. C. Even in historical times there were eruptions of pumice that covered with a layer of fine dust levels in the oldest archaeological site of Diana and  in the acropolis of the Castle
Panarea Island, formerly known as Hycesia, is the smallest island of the Aeolian archipelago. It has an area of only 3.4 square kilometers and is 11.5 miles from Lipari. Its 280 inhabitants, called panarioti, living in three districts: Ditella, St. Peter and Drauto. Panarea is framed by the nearby little islands of Basiluzzo, Dattilo, Bottaro, Spinazzola and the rocks of Lisca Bianca, Lisca Nera, the Panarelli and the Ants. Scientists believe that Panarea and the islets and rocks that surround it are the remains of an ancient underwater volcano in part submerged by the waters in the interglacial periods. In the present emerged is possible to recognize a single volcano on whose flanks were implanted several minor eruptive centers.

After Lipari, is the second largest island of the archipelago: about 27 square kilometers of surface. And 'the highest of the 7 islands with mountains "Fossa delle Felci" (Trench Ferns) and "Monte dei Porri" (Mountain of Leek) too long extinct volcanoes. By the presence of these two peaks was its ancient name Didyme, which means Gemini. The present name derives from the presence of a small lake from which salt is extracted, which was then used for storage of capers and fish. Is the second most populated island of the archipelago with about 2,300 inhabitants. Is divided into three autonomous municipalities: S.Marina, Malfa and Leni. The fractions are called: Lingua, Rinella, Valle Chiesa (Valley Church), Pollara and Torricella. In the area of Salina there are traces of six volcanoes.

The most distant and most easterly of the Aeolian Islands, Stromboli is about 22 miles from Lipari. The ancients called it Strongyle, the rotunda (rounded). It has an area of 12.6 sq. km with about 420 inhabitants, called stromboliani. Its active volcano is 920 meters above the sea and the reefs are very deep (1200 m). The island is a volcano that emerges from the sea. The emerged part in activities lasting at least 2000 years, was mainly formed during two cycles of activity. An ancient cycle, consisting of solid material by eruptions and lava flows, which formed the entire eastern part of the island and the most recent cycle, replaced mostly by lava flows, which formed the western half of the island.

The ancient Hiera (sacred), the second home of the Greek god of fire Hephaestus, is the southern most island of the Aeolian archipelago and is the closest to Sicily. Is separate from the nearby Lipari by a channel width of about 1.6 km. Its area is 21 sq. km. From the geological point of view, the island is formed by volcanoes 4: Lentia, Vulcano Piano, Fossa of Vulcano and Vulcanello. The only considered still active volcano is the  Fossa of Vulcano (Pit). The volcanic activity of this island was known to ancient Greeks and Romans, who were greatly impressed.


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